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Table 1 Characteristics of study populations (means ± S.D.)

From: Cardiovascular and bone health of former elite infantry soldiers at middle life

Variable Torah scholars N = 20 Soldiers N = 25 P value
Age (years) 43.7 ± 3.3 43.2 ± .5 0.9
Years of education 15.7 ± 2.36 15.9 ± 2.03 0.9
Economic bracket (1 to 4) 1.85 ± 0.59 3.24 ± 0.83 0.000001
Packs years smoking 4.4 ± 6.2 3..1 ± 6.6 0.26
Current alcohol consumption (units/wk) 0.3 ± 0.58 2.1 ± 3.51 0.01
Height (cm) 176 ± .4.9 179 ± 3.9 0.02
Weight (kg) 85.9 ± 15.6 84.5 ± 8.38 0.7
Weight (kg in 1983) 73.0 ± 9.6 73.7 ± 5.8 0.9
BMI 27.8 ± 5.3 26.3 ± 2.74 0.3
Pulse, min−1 68.9 ± 7.89 61 ± 11.301 0.01
Systolic BP, mmHg 132.8 ± 10.1 127.9 ± 9.9 0.09
Diastolic BP, mmHg 77.1 ± 6.1 76.3 ± 7.5 0.73
Ankle/Brachial Index 1.14 ± 0.11 1.22 ± 0.12 0.02
Abdominal girth at umbilicus (cm) 100.7 ± 9.59 94.7 ± 7.36 0.03
Abdominal girth at midpoint 12th Rib-Iliac Crest (cm) 99.8 ± 11.6 93.9 ± 7.22 0.06
Packs years smoking 4.4 ± 6.2 3..1 ± 6.6 0.26
Current alcohol consumption (units/wk) 0.3 ± 0.58 2.1 ± 3.51 0.01
Daily physical activity (METS) 32.9 ± 6.8 43.6 ± 9.46 0.0001
VO2 Max 1983 Before basic training   47.8 ± 9.2  
VO2 Max 1983 After basic training   53.8 ± 7.5  
HbA1C 5.61 ± 0.402 5.54 ± 0.382 0.55
Total cholesterol 177 ± 35.8 171 ± 44.1 0.63