Skip to main content

Table 3 Studies of the GEJE disaster and support workers

From: Mental health and psychological impacts from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: a systematic literature review

Citation (reference no.) Sample type (location) n Data collectiona Findings Risk factors of outcome(s)
Shigemura et al. [55, 56] Nuclear plant workers (Fukushima) 1495 2–3 months 42.7 %, K6 ≥ 13
25.3 %, IES-R ≥ 25
Preexisting illness(es), discrimination/slurs, near-death experience, tsunami evacuation, major property loss, home evacuation
Dobashi et al. [50] Defense personnel (Miyagi) 606 1 month post deployment 6.2 (±8.1), IES-R
12.8 (±4.4), K10
No identified factors
Matsuoka et al. [52] Disaster Medical Assistant Team 426 1 month 4.0 %, K6 ≥ 13
21.4 %, CES-D ≥ 17
Concern over radiation exposure
Nishi et al. [54] Disaster Medical Assistant Team 173 4 months 6.8 (±8.4), IES-R PDI score and watching earthquake TV news reports ≥4 h/day
Nishi et al. [53] Disaster Medical Assistant Team 172 Baseline and 12-week post-intervention Fish oil attenuated posttraumatic stress symptoms among female  
Fukasawa et al. [51] Government workers (Miyagi) 4331 2 months 3.0 %, K6 ≥13 (group with less property damages)
5.9 %, K6 ≥ 13 (group with severe property damages)
Less damaged: working overtime (>100 h/mo. overtime), poor workplace communication
Severe damaged: handling residents’ complaints, poor workplace communication
Suzuki et al. [57] Government workers (Miyagi) 3743 7 months 9.6 %, K6 ≥ 10
4.4 %, K6 ≥ 13
Not taking a non-work day each week
  1. GEJE Great East Japan Earthquake, K6 (K10) Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, IES-R impact of events-revised, CES-D Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, PDI peritraumatic distress inventory
  2. aCross-sectional studies unless otherwise noted