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Table 5 Stress level (PSS) and intensity (PDS), means, SD, statistics, and effect sizes (N = 31)

From: The contribution of personal and seniority variables to the presence of stress symptoms among Israeli UAV operators

Variables Stress level—PSS PDS intensity
n M SD p value1 n M SD p value1
Total 31 2.42 4.49 31 3.07 5.23
Gender
 Male 26 1.62 3.02   25 2.20 3.32  
 Female 4 6.25 9.47 .477 4 5.50 9.71 .947
Age
 ≤25 years 14 0.93 1.44   14 1.29 1.59  
 >25 years 13 4.62 6.23 .030 13 5.69 7.25 .120
Family status
 Single 23 1.87 3.27   23 2.17 3.47  
 Married 8 4.00 6.99 .635 8 5.63 8.33 .296
Seniority
 ≤36 months 8 0.25 0.46   7 0.57 1.51  
 >36 months 23 3.17 5.01 .020 24 3.79 5.72 .041
Actual combat experience
 No 6 1.17 1.17   6 1.67 1.86  
 Yes 25 2.72 4.94 .958 25 3.40 5.74 .937
  1. The contribution of personal and seniority variables to the presence of stress symptoms among Israeli UAV operators
  2. 1Mann–Whitney test